Publications

Race to the bottom: Europe’s precariat

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Selection of European Newspapers covering Investigative Europe's research on labour - credit: Christian T. Joergensen

Why has the “precarisation of labour”, as sociologists call it, reached an enormous scale? And what must be done to stop it? Investigate Europe has researched these questions all across Europe. The findings are sobering. Click here to find out where you can read our stories in your national language.

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Basta! (France) | Social hold-up: How European labour laws were dismantled at no benefit to us

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Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Spain… and now France: over the last decade, many European Union member states have been subjected to profound labour law reforms. New laws were passed, allegedly, in the name of the fight against unemployment. But studies published since, including by the most liberal of institutions, are unanimous: their influence over a boost in employment has been minimal. The truth is, in fact, rather bruising: these new policies have resulted in soaring precariousness and a fall of wages.

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Precarious work: Europe’s new reserve army

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Detail of the article as published by Der Tagesspiegel. Illustration by Julia Schneider

Millions of Europeans in temporary, part-time or bogus self-employed contracts can only find insecure and badly paid jobs, despite the healthy economic climate. That is the price of deregulating labour markets, Investigate Europe reports. This precarious set of labour conditions was created intentionally. FULL ENGLISH VERSION

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Público (Portugal) | How precariousness made the EU change its speech on labour

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The ECB, the European Commission and the IMF have all changed their speech: It is as if the 2017 troika criticizes the 2011 troika. Credit: Nuno Ferreira Santos (Publico archive)

Since 2008 there were more than 400 labor law changes in the EU countries. But 4 out of 5 of the new jobs are either fixed-term or part-time. Deregulating may have boosted precarious contracts. And that’s being noticed in Brussels’ political cabinets.

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Il Fatto Quotidiano (Italy) | After ten years of reform Europe suffers from growing precariousness

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Ten years of labor market reforms have failed to bring prosperity and economic growth in Europe. What was wrong, which promises were not kept? Investigate Europe has investigated the consequences of labor deregulation in eight European countries, telling stories of precariousness:  involuntary part-time work in Germany; poor workers in France; Greek doctors leaving Greece to go enrich German hospitals; the new resistance of Foodora cyclists.

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Aftenbladet & Fædrelandsvennen (Norway) | Romania, the Country of Silent Tears

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From the left: Gabriela Butnaru (13), Lavinia Tihulca (13), Mihaela Butnaru (33) crying at revisiting feelings of separation. Credit: Johnny Green - Investigate Europe, July 17 2017, Liteni, Iași, Romania

Economic migrant families from Romania have been struggling for their dignity in the absence of sustainable local employment and wages adapted to reality. They’ve paid for decent earnings with toil, painkillers, anxiety and emotional phone calls across Europe. But worst of all, with tears of the nation’s children.

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Il Fatto Quotidiano (Italy) | Norway: a manual on how to fight against precarious jobs

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Grain silo with mural in Rogaland. Astrid Westvang / Flickr. Artist: Pøbel

They come with their minds full of questions, Stavanger’s unemployed, today to the «Terminal», a glass palace in the city harbour. Passengers used to leave with ferries for Denmark and England from this dock. Today, some of the 822 that were invited here by the Employment Office may decide to leave, but to other regions of Norway. Regions that are fishing for workers.

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Aftenbladet & Fædrelandsvennen (Norway) | There is hope for young Greeks – just not in Greece

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On New Year's Eve, at the emergencies of Papageorgiou Hospital in Thessaloniki. From left to right: Georgia Christodolou, 32, surgeon, Giorgos Toulias, surgeon, Dimitris Spanos, surgeon. Credit: Nikos Pilos

Hundreds of thousands of young Greeks have turned their backs on depleted public services, dead labour markets and worsening working conditions. Germany wants them. Meanwhile, the Greek health system feels the brain drain. Published in NORWEGIAN by Aftenbladet.

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Aftenbladet & Fædrelandsvennen (Norway) | Stay in or out of the European Economic Area? This is the question at work

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Boye Ullmann & Jonas Bals at an Oslo building site. Credit: Gorm K. Gaare, EUP-Berlin

Norway has been a quasi-member of the EU since entering the EEA agreement in 1994. Very few discuss the contract in the general public sphere. But the issue has grown to enormous proportions in the labour movement. Can Norway retain safe and decent labour conditions without exiting the EEA? Published in NORWEGIAN by Aftenbladet.

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I Efimerida ton Syntakton (Greece) | Pier Carlo Padoan: “Europe is running out of time”

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October 9, 2017, Wolfgang Schauble's last Eurogroup. From left to right: Schauble, Dijsselbloem, De Guindos, Padoan.

Investigate Europe spoke to Pier Carlo Padoan before the German elections. But the message of urgency conveyed here by the Italian Finance minister is even more topical now. Padoan, a full blown Europhile and admirer of German reforms, urges Berlin to accept the Italian proposals for “risk sharing” among Eurozone members because “time is running out for Europe”.

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NEW INVESTIGATION: Europe’s dire dependency on Microsoft

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Headlines featuring IE's investigation on Microsoft. Credit: Christian T. Joergensen

All across Europe, from Finland to Portugal, Ireland to Greece, the information technology (IT) of government administrations is based on Microsoft programs. This dependence has severe consequences. Investigate Europe’s research will be published in more then 12 countries this time – click here to find out where you can read the stories in your national language

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Marianne (France) | Exclusif – Microsoft : menace sur la sécurité de l’Etat

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IE Investigation published by French magazine "Marianne"

While a cyberattack exploiting a vulnerability in older versions of Windows targeted tens of thousands of computers around the world, the French ministry of Defence is about to renew its contract with Microsoft. As for Bill Gates, he was recently decorated with the Legion of Honnor. French magazine Marianne and Investigate Europe reporter Leïla Miñano investigate the close ties between the Redmond firm and the French state.

Read more in FRENCH via Marianne (paid content).

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Why Europe’s dependency on Microsoft is a huge security risk

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This dependency is solid. Credit: Martin Abegglen/flickr

On May 12 hackers hit more than a hundred countries exploiting a stolen N.S.A. tool that targeted vulnerabilities of Microsoft software. The attacks infected only machines running Windows. Among the victims are public administrative bodies such as NHS hospitals in the UK. Investigate Europe spent months to investigate the dire dependency of European countries on Microsoft – and the security risks this entails. Read our full investigation in ENGLISH.

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Norway: Aftenbladet / Bergens Tidende “Uten Microsoft stopper Europa”

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European public administrations have chained themselves to Microsoft’s toolbox of word documents, excel sheets, powerpoint presentations and outlook. It costs billions. The lock-in is not the fault of Microsoft, but of the public administrations that have allowed themselves to be locked in, says Björn Lundell. He is a professor of computer science at Högskolan i Skövde, Sweden. Read more in NORWEGIAN.

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Italy / Il Fatto: “Microsoft, la Ue ostaggio dei suoi software”

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Il Fatto quotidiani / 9.4.2017

Microsoft seemed to be left behind by the big champions of Silicon Valley, Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook, that punctuate our days with smart-phones, tablets, supercomputers. But first impressions can be misleading. Microsoft is very present, it occupies a monopolist position as a public supplier. Europe is totally dependent on this single corporation, though reasonable alternatives exist. Read more in ITALIAN via Il fatto quotidiano (free / Part I and …

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This is where you can read our stories on Europe’s new dysfunctional border regime

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Publications via Investigative Europe Graphic: Christian T. Jørgensen

Far from the public eye, the governments of the European Union are pursuing a weighty long-term plan to use technology on a massive scale for the control of the European borders. But will the desired surveillance system serve its purpose? Will it make Europe safer? We, Investigate Europe, a team of nine journalists from eight different countries, have tried to find answers to those questions. Click here to find out where you can read our first EU-wide story in your national language.

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Uncounted: Invisible Deaths on Europe’s Borders

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One section of the cemetery in Castellammare del Golfo in Sicily has been reserved for drowned migrants. Just a few of them have names on them. Credit: Ingeborg Eliassen

There is no official record of the number of refugees who go missing crossing the Mediterranean Sea trying to reach Europe. This is not a coincidence. Our investigation as published via News Deeply IN ENGLISH.

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PORTUGAL: “Mortes que não se contam – Deaths that don’t count”

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One section of the cemetery in Castellammare del Golfo in Sicily has been reserved for drowned migrants. Just a few of them have names on them. Credit: Ingeborg Eliassen

2017: At the European borders thousands of refugees die. But the exact number remains unknown, the dead uncounted. This is a story about those who dedicate their effort to humanize the tragedy, struggling to identify the bodies, making burial ceremonies, recording the events. But those who die this way won’t become a political issue unless they are counted. Read more in PORTUGUESE.

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How the EU cosied up to the defence lobby

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Flags in front of the EU commission in Brussels Photo: Alvaro Millan/flickr

Consultants who advise the European Commission (EC) on its security policies have also been working for companies that win related research projects, funded by the European Union, raising concerns about conflict of interest. IN ENGLISH

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Portugal: “Europa, a ultima fronteira – Europe, the last border”

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Screenshot Publico

Trapped between the pressure of rising anti-imigration political groups and the lobby power of security and defense companies, European Union has been putting together, in the last months, a new “border system” that raises criticism about its effect on individual rights and doesn´t proove its efficacy in assuring more protection to europeans. This is a story of a relevant policy shift still ongoing but scarcelly known to the public. Read more in PORTUGUESE.

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Italy: Business of Security – how much we pay for EU border control

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The Security issue is the only one on which today all European countries agree. People ask for more security and politicians give it to them. Its a toxic mix: security, immigration and terrorism are competing in transforming our continent into a fortress ready to fight against the enemy. But do militarization and more security measures really help to manage migration flows, to reduce illegal immigration and human trafficking? Read more in ITALIAN.

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